●总共有三次debate,分别在itv, sky 和bbc这里三个debate的资料都有：http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/election_2010/the_debates/default.stm这个是第一次在itv的辩论文本：http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/16_04_10_firstdebate.pdf这个是第二次在bbc的辩论文本：http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/23_04_10_seconddebate.pdf这个是第三次在bbc的辩论文本：http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/30_04_10_finaldebate.pdf
问题补充：不求多 要简单一点的 急用！！！！
●Britain‘s Prime Minister Gordon Brown greets students at the University of Bradford in Bradford, England, 5 May 2010. Britain’s political parties launched a last ditch push to woo wavering voters, and to court each other, as opinion polls showed the country‘s national election is headed for an uncertain stalemate, after voting takes place on May 6. Mr. Brown is facing a tight election. The Conservative Party, led by David Cameron, has topped the latest opinion polls. And, the Liberal Democrats — traditionally a marginalized party in what has largely been a two-party system — are scoring high in opinion polls. A survey published by the research group ComRes Tuesday said 2.5 million people who say they are certain to vote say they are still undecided who to vote for and more than a third of voters said it was “quite possible” they would change their mind on who to vote for by the time the polls open Thursday morning. Rodney Barker says it is all up in the air. “The one thing which one can say about this election — and we haven’t been able to say this for any election within living memory — is that the only certain thing is that we cannot predict the outcome, even on the day before the poll,” added Barker. The ComRes poll shows the Conservatives winning 37 percent of votes, Labor on 29 percent and the Liberal Democrats on 26 percent. If no single party is able to win a majority of parliament seats, current Prime Minister Gordon Brown would have the right to stay in office until a new government can be formed.
●英国大选（General elections of the United Kingdom）是指英国选举最高立法机构英国国会议员的选举，英国的国会议员（Members of Parliament，MP）通常指下议院议员。国会议员最长任期为5年，但可因为解散国会而提前结束。
求教英国小吃 炸鱼土豆条(fish and chips)的做法？
问题补充：求教英国小吃 炸鱼土豆条(fish and chips)的做法？
●材料： 鱼肉，花生油，精盐，味精，料酒，发面（蒸馒头用的）。面粉，碱水。 做法： 先将鱼肉切成长4厘米，宽厚各1厘米的条，用精盐、味精，料酒，葱、姜拌腌，将发面50克先用少许温水匀开，再加清水150克，面粉250克搅拌成糊静置发酵3小时，使用前加入适量花生油，及碱水拌匀。将糊倒入鱼肉条拌匀。坐锅花生油烧至四五成热，用筷子夹鱼条逐个放入锅内，待糊胀起，鱼条定型后捞出。再把油烧至八成热，将炸过的鱼条全部冲炸一下，呈黄色捞出即可。可撒花椒盐食用，也可蘸番茄酱或调味食用。 ———— 烹饪方法： 1.将削去皮的土豆切成0.5厘米厚立方，4厘米长的方条(也可以切成蒜瓣形)，用清水洗净，用漏勺控干水分。 2.炒锅上火，放入植物油烧热，待至烟将要冒烟时，将土豆条放入，在旺火上炸，炸到土豆发硬时，移至微火慢慢炸，直至炸透。当土豆快熟时，再移旺发炸熟、呈金黄色。捞出，控干油，撒匀盐，即成。 3.可将土豆条放入锅内，加水和少许盐煮到七、八成熟后，倒入漏勺，控去水分，再用油炸成金黄色。
●英文版简介:The Invisible ManReal Name: Griffin (no first name is given in the original story, but see comments)Identity/Class: Human mutateOccupation: ScientistAffiliations: Thomas MarvelEnemies: Teddy Henfrey, Dr.Kemp, Bobby Jaffers, Colonel AdyeKnown Relatives: Unnamed fatherAliases: The Voice, Invisible Man the First, the UnseenBase of Operations: SussexFirst Appearance: The Invisible Man (novel, 1897)Powers/Abilities: Permanently invisible, although this didn't extend to his clothing, so that if he wanted to make use of his abilities, he had to do so naked. Likewise any food ingested remains visible, at least until properly digested. He is also extremely strong, though it is unclear as to whether this is a side-effect of the invisibility process, or a result of his growing madness.History: Born an albino, John Griffin was a scientist, a graduate of University College who had won a medal for chemistry. However he became fascinated by physics, and in particular light and optical density, and at the age of twenty-two he dropped medicine to concentrate on these new obsessions. He went to work for Professor Oliver at Chesilstowe College, a provincial establishment, all the while working at night on his theories. After six years he eventually figured a method which would allow him "to lower the refractive index of a substance, solid or liquid, to that of air" "without changing any other property of matter". He realised he could apply it to human tissue to turn the red colouring in blood white, without affecting its function – and since this would leave the only colouration in the body the skin pigmentation (which he personally lacked), he now had the means to become invisible. Deciding he could never finish his work with both his professor and students eating up his time, he moved to London and took up residence in Great Portland Street. After three more years his funds had run out, so he stole more money from his own father – but the money didn't belong to his parent, who shot himself in shame.Believing his process finally perfected, Griffin tested it on a cat, turning all but its eyes transparent. Next he used the process on himself, and when his landlord proved too inquisitive, Griffin set fire to the house and fled into the night. Griffin swiftly his change was irreversible. Disguising his affliction with bandages, he moved to Iping, a small village in Sussex, where he took up residence in Mrs.Hall's boarding house. When money ran short, he used his powers to turn to burglary again, which attracted the attention of local police officer Mr.Bobby Jaffers. Confronted in the Coach and Horses public house, a scuffle ensued, during which his secret was uncovered (quite literally). Griffin fled into the night.Naked and hunted, he enlisted the aid of tramp Mr.Thomas Marvel, who he sent to retrieve clothes and his notebooks. When some of the villagers attempted to detain Marvel, the Invisible Man displayed a violent side, coming to his ally's aid with an unmatched fury. Afterwards he berated Marvel, making it clear that if Marvel failed him again, or attempted to flee, then he would die. In spite of this dire warning, Marvel did eventually flee, realising the Invisible Man's psychosis was growing. The Invisible Man soon caught up with Marvel in the town of Port Burdock, and beat him within an inch of his life before witnesses intervened, one of whom managed to shoot Griffin, winging him.The wounded Invisible Man stumbled into the house of Dr.Kemp, who by chance he knew as a fellow alumni of University College. He appealed to Kemp for aid, who acquiesced. However it soon became clear to Kemp that Griffin was becoming increasingly insane. He told Kemp of his origins, and his plan to use his invisibility to engage in a "Reign of Terror", using fear of his unseen approach and the threat of invisible murder to take control of a town of his choice. But Kemp had sent a message to Colonel Adye, the chief of the Burdock police, who arrived in time to save Kemp from murder at the hands of his guest. Kemp told Adye how to hunt his prey, with dogs and with powdered glass on the roads to cut his feet. Hunted and pursued, the fugitive apparently committed his first deliberate murder, slaying Mr. Wicksteed on the edge of a gravel pit.Emboldened by this, Griffin sent a letter to Kemp, declaring himself the new ruler of the area, Invisible Man the First, and stating that he would make an example of Kemp by killing him to prove that none could stand against him. Even though the police immediately put Kemp under guard, the Invisible Man got passed them, murdering Adye with his own revolver in the process. Kemp fled the house, with Griffin in close pursuit. The tables turned when Kemp ran into a group of navvies, who managed to trap their unseen opponent, and beat him to death. With his demise, Griffin once again became visible.Comments: Created by H.G.Wells.The Invisible Man described himself thus to Dr.Kemp, while attempting to jog his fellow student's memory – “Griffin,” answered the Voice—“a younger student, almost an albino, six feet high, and broad, with a pink and white face and red eyes—who won the medal for chemistry.”H.G.Wells' Invisible Man has become one of the standard "monsters" of Hollywood, and inspired a slew of imitators. He first made it into film with the 1933, when Claude Rains played "Jack Griffin" in Universal Studios production of the book. In 1940 Vincent Price played the second Invisible Man, Geoffrey Radcliffe, in the sequel "The Invisible Man Returns". Radcliffe was turned invisible by "Frank Griffin", the heretofore unmentioned brother of the original scientist. 1951 saw the third in Universal's series, when detectives Bud Alexander and Lou Francis (comedians Abbot and Costello) give an invisibility injection to boxer Tommy Nelson (Arthur Franz) who has been wrongly accused of murder, "Abbot and Costello Meet The Invisible Man" (the comedy duo had briefly encountered the Vincent Price Invisible Man at the end of their 1948 feature, "Abbot and Costello Meet Frankenstein", when he made a cameo "appearance").In 1984 the BBC made a six part serial adapting the story, with Pip Donaghy as Griffin. The same year a Russian adaption, "Chelovek-nevidimka", was also released. In 1998 it was Kyle MacLachlan's turn in the part (again given the full name Jack Griffin), in a U.S. TV movie version of Well's tale. There have also been innumerable other Invisible Men, inspired by this tale, but not directly connected to him (see the clarifications for some examples).The character was recently revived as a member of Alan Moore's League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, and made it into the movie adaption of same. The comic version is the same Griffin from the novel, who faked his death by putting another through the process, then sending this unwitting dupe to meet the mob. The movie version is a thief who stole Griffin's formula.In comics, Acclaim released "Classics Illustrated: The Invisible Man" in 1997, and in 2002 Moonstone Publishing released a sequel, "Legacy of the Invisible Man". Griffin was also name-checked in Dark Horse Comics' "Van Helsing: From Beneath the Rue Morgue", a tie-in with the Van Helsing movie, where the monster hunter discovers that Dr.Moreau has been experimenting on his beast men using Griffin's invisibility notes.CLARIFICATIONS: He is meant to be the same character asThe Invisible Man of the League of Extraordinary Gentlemenbut should not to be confused withInvisible Man, Daniel WestinInvisible Man, Darien FawkesGemini Man, invisible secret agentThe Hollow Man, another invisible scientist who went psychoticany other many other "Invisible" people主人公简介:The Invisible Man is not to be confused with Invisible Man, which is an entirely different book. The Invisible Man was written by H. G. Wells, not to be confused with Orson Wells who is an entirely different person.Anyone who has only seen the movie and not actually read the book does not realize that the Invisible man has albinism. The lead character, a physicist by the name of Griffon, describes himself as having white hair and red eyes. Yet, for some reason, in the same breath he describes himself as almost albino. Could our mad scientist be in denial?Albinism plays a key role in this book. Griffon has discovered that the only things he can turn invisible are things without pigment. He manages to transform a white piece of cloth, a white pillow, a white cat (except for its eyes), and himself. Pigment and melanin, because of its very nature could not be made devoid of its color properties. Once finding out how to render blood transparent, Griffon finds it easy to make everything else in the body vanish.Griffon, experimenting on himself has neglected to think about how he was going to return to normal. He eventually becomes a pitiful haunted creature, on the run lest he be captured and made into a circus freak. He is unable to wear cloths (he would be seen), has to steal food and money and becomes unable or unwilling to control his rages. He winds up at the house of an old friend with the last name of Kemp, who, although the book does not use the word, (albino) also has albinistic characteristics. Griffon winds up chasing his friend Kemp with the intent to kill him.So. Here is the scene at the end of the book. These two people with albinism are running down a road. One visible and able to live a normal life, one invisible: one raging and fearless, one fearful: one pursuing, one pursued: one clothed, one naked: one loved and respected in the community, one feared and hunted by everyone, you get the picture.Griffon dies at the end. For some unexplained reason he begins to re-appear upon his death.There are several glaring discrepancies and overlooked things in the book, such as: Why didn’t he make invisible cloths out of the invisible cloth? But we can forgive Mr. Wells. He has, after all, written some of the best known si-fi stories of all time.I find it interesting that the lead character is named Griffon. I’m sure it has some meaning. A griffon is a hybrid animal part lion and part eagle. Perhaps this is a symbol of the dual nature of man. The lion and eagle (cat and bird) are natural enemies. You would think they would not get along very well. But in the case of a griffon you have a unique combo creature that has to learn to deal with its dual and contrary nature.Read the book ant tell me what your thoughts may be.投一票
●Queen "Bloody" Mary The ebb and flow of freedom continued through the 1540's…and into the 1550's. After King Henry VIII, King Edward VI took the throne, and after his death, the reign of Queen “Bloody” Mary was the next obstacle to the printing of the Bible in English. She was possessed in her quest to return England to the Roman Church. In 1555, John "Thomas Matthew" Rogers and Thomas Cranmer were both burned at the stake. Mary went on to burn reformers at the stake by the hundreds for the "crime" of being a Protestant. This era was known as the Marian Exile, and the refugees fled from England with little hope of ever seeing their home or friends again.Queen Mary I of England was born February 18, 1516, the daughter of King Henry VIII and his first of six wives, Catherine of Aragon. Mary was the only child from that union to survive infancy. She reigned as Queen of England from July 19, 1553 until her death on November 17, 1558.The Early Years of Queen Mary IQueen Mary I was alienated from her father, King Henry VIII, during his divorce (it was not a divorce in the modern sense, but an annulment) from her mother. As her parents' marriage was deemed null and void, Mary was then deemed illegitimate and thus deprived for a time of her status as an heir to the throne. This fueled her rage regarding her father’s break from the Roman Catholic Church, which had previously instructed him that he could not divorce from her mother. Mary felt that if her father, King Henry VIII, had obeyed the Roman Catholic Church, she would not be seen as “illegitimate, and her right to the throne would not have been questioned. This is the foundation upon which her loyalty to Rome was laid. By the time of King Henry VIII’s death, however, she had been restored as second in line to the throne, after her half-brother Edward, who was physically weak. Queen Mary I Takes the Throne of EnglandIt was not until 1553 that Edward died, however, by which time Protestantism had gained such ground that a rival claimant to the throne was put forward, Mary's cousin Lady Jane Grey. Public sympathy remained with Mary, and she soon overcame resistance to her accession. By July 19 Jane Grey had been deposed and Mary was the undisputed Queen. Her official coronation came on November 30, 1553 . Mary first began to earn her unofficial title of “Bloody Mary” when she had her cousin, Lady Jane Grey, executed to prevent any possible power struggle. It is generally believed that Mary might have spared Jane's life if it had not been for the intervention of the Spanish diplomats who conditioned Mary's marriage to their king on her executing Jane. “Bloody Mary”… Relentless Papist and Mass-MurdererMary had always rejected and resented the break with Rome that her father had instituted and his subsequent establishment of the Anglican Church that had flowed from her half-brother's protestantism, and now she tried to turn England back to Roman Catholicism. This effort was carried out by force, and hundreds of Protestant leaders were executed. The first was John Rogers (a.k.a. “Thomas Matthews”), the printer of the “Matthews-Tyndale Bible”. His execution was followed by the execution of former Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, who was primarily responsible for the printing of the “Great Bible”. Hundreds more would follow in Mary’s bloody reign of terror. This earned the queen the title of “Bloody Mary”.Her restoration of Catholicism was remarkable in some ways: Where only one bishop, John Fisher of Rochester, had resisted King Henry VIII’s rejection of Roman catholicism to the point that Henry had him executed; most of Mary's bishops were more loyal and refused to conform to the restored Protestantism under Elizabeth I, and they died under house arrest. Mary’s Failure and DeathMary's allegiance to Roman Catholicism inspired her to institute social reforms, but these were largely unsuccessful. Her marriage to Philip II of Spain, in 1554, was unpopular even with her Catholic subjects. Philip spent very little time with Mary, once he realized that she was not able to bear a child. Mary died at the age of 42 from uterine or ovarian cancer. She was succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I, who quickly undid many of Mary's changes, and returned England to its former Protestant-friendly environment. This enabled the English refugees who had fled England to ever-neutral Geneva, Switzerland to print the “Geneva Bible”, to eventually come home and begin printing the Protestant Geneva Bible in England. Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary… Mary I of England is often confused with her cousin “Mary, Queen of Scots”, who lived at the same time. Many scholars trace the nursery rhyme "Mary, Mary, quite contrary… how does your garden grow… with silver bells and cockle shells and pretty maids all in a row" to Mary’s unpopular attempts to bring Roman Catholicism back to England, identifying the "cockle shells", for example, with the symbol of pilgrimage to the Catholic Shrine of St. James in Spain and the "pretty maids all in a row" with Catholic nuns.
●A miniature pig is one of the breeds developed and used for medical research or developed for use as a pet. These smaller pigs were first used for medical research in Europe before being introduced to the United States as pets in the 1980s. Since then, the animals have been used in studies by scientists around the world, including for study as a source of organs for organ transplantation. Some miniature pigs are also kept as pets in European countries.Miniature pigHistoryVietnamese pot-bellied pigs that grow to be 150-200 pounds were sent to zoos in western nations in the 1960s. Later, for scientific research they were selectively bred for smaller size than "bacon-type" pigs. Pigs that stay smaller had advantages for medical research over other breeds that grow very large and have weight and health issues because of their size. While they are small in size, they can still be raised for bacon production and often are used as such if they become overweight.In the 1980s miniature pigs were brought into the United States as pets. Miniature pigs generally weigh less than 150 pounds and stand less than 21 inches at the withers (compared to 300-600 pounds for many pigs with some growing as large as 1,000 pounds). Lines of miniature pigs have been bred in numerous breeds. Medical researchMiniature pigs have been used for medical research including toxicology, pharmacology, aging, genetics, and stress. The animals are also studied for organ transplants (xenotransplantation). The studies were originated in Europe, but are now performed internationally. Scientists have tried to clone a miniature pig lacking both copies of a gene involved in immediate immune rejection to increase the prospect of transplanting pig organs into humans.In 2009, Chinese scientists reported that they successfully "reprogrammed skin cells from a adult miniature Tibetan pigs "to behave like stem cells from humans". An article on the research noted, "pigs already play an important role in human science through the use of pig insulin to treat diabetes and the use of pig heart valves in transplant surgery". As petsMiniature pigs are sometimes kept as pets and gained a measure of faddish popularity, although they grow to be quite large. They are not ideal for apartment dwellers and need outdoor space for exercise, and can be detrimental to landscaping, but are "clean and odor free" as well as "docile, well behaved, and intelligent if trained properly." Miniature pigs by Pat Storer and Kristin Storer discusses the purchase, care, nutrition, breeding, behavior, and training required for the animals. Miniature pigs are also shown at various zoos and feature in the U.S. National Pig Day festivities. Laws on keeping livestock address whether the animals can be kept legally.At a nine year old breeding program for miniature pigs at Pennywell Farm in Devon, England the animals are shown to visitors and sold to them as pets. One famous purchaser was TV celebrity Jonathan Ross (whose pigs eventually grew to 300lb each). The farm cross breeds a line developed from the rare kune kune breed from New Zealand for animals about the fifth of the size of ordinary pigs. Other notable piggish activitiesA Yucatan miniature pig is the unofficial mascot of the Animal Rescue League of Boston after the female was found abandoned in a box crate on a downtown street. Her favorite treats are Dunkin' Donuts munchkins and she has been visited by the cast of the Wheelock Family Theatre's production of Charlotte's Web.The world's smallest pig is believed to be the 28 inch-long wild pygmy hog, an endangered species which lives in wildlife sanctuaries in Assam, India.
●约克夏梗-英文名：YorkshireTerrier迷你雪纳瑞-英文名：Miniature Schnauzer英国古代牧羊犬【英文名】 Old English Sheepdog狮子狗、贵妇犬、卷毛狗、标准型贵宾犬 英文名 Poodle西高地 种犬英文名:West Hihgland White Terrier 博美犬-英文名：Pomeranian萨摩耶/萨莫耶 英文名 samoyed英国斗牛犬-英文名：Bulldog比格犬-英文名：Beagle苏格兰牧羊犬,英文名Rough Collie金毛寻回猎犬 英文名Gold Retriever